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lördag 30 november 2013

Uusi aggressiivinen HIV- 1 kanta havaittu 2011

J Infect Dis. 2013 Aug 30. [Epub ahead of print]  Faster Progression to AIDS and AIDS-Related Death Among Seroincident Individuals Infected With Recombinant HIV-1 A3/CRF02_AG Compared With Sub-subtype A3.


Department of Experimental Medical Science Lund.


Background. Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) is divided into subtypes and circulating recombinant forms (CRFs) but the impact of subtype/CRF on disease progression is not fully understood.Methods. We determined the HIV-1 subtype/CRF of 152 seroincident individuals from Guinea-Bissau, based on the C2-V3 region of env. Disease progression was measured as time from estimated seroconversion to AIDS and AIDS-related death. Hazard ratios (HRs) were calculated using a Cox proportional hazard model, adjusting for gender and age at seroconversion.Results. The major subtypes/CRFs identified were CRF02_AG (53%), A3 (29%), and A3/02 (a recombinant of A3 and CRF02_AG) (13%). Infection with A3/02 was associated with a close to 3-fold increased risk of AIDS and AIDS-related death compared to A3 (HR = 2.6 [P = 0.011] and 2.9 [P = 0.032], respectively). The estimated time from seroconversion to AIDS and AIDS-related death was 5.0 and 8.0 years for A3/02, 6.2 and 9.0 years for CRF02_AG, and 7.2 and 11.3 years for A3.Conclusion. Our results show that there are differences in disease progression between HIV-1 A-like subtypes/CRFs. Individuals infected with A3/02 have among the fastest progression rates to AIDS reported to date. Determining the HIV-1 subtype of infected individuals could be important in the management of HIV-1 infections.


CRF, HIV-1, West Africa, disease progression, subtype

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